Aviation Flight Planning and Aeronautical Charts

Provided by Skyvector.com
Flight Planning at SkyVector.com

National Weather Service CWSU Graphic

Click on image to enter NWS site National Weather Service CWSU
National Weather Service CWSU
000
FXUS61 KBOX 252023
AFDBOX

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Taunton MA
423 PM EDT Thu May 25 2017

.SYNOPSIS...

Low pressure and its attendant warm front will bring a steady
rain and drizzle to the region through tonight along with cool
northeast winds. The rain will be heavy at times tonight into
Friday morning as this low tracks across Southern New England.
Big improvement to start of the holiday weekend as weak high
pressure delivers dry weather with mild days and cool nights
both Saturday and Sunday. However by Sunday night and into
Monday another coastal low may bring the risk of showers,
although a washout is not expected.

&&

.NEAR TERM /UNTIL 6 AM FRIDAY MORNING/...
345 pm update...

*/ Highlights...

 - Widespread light rain / drizzle
 - Moderate-heavy rain towards midnight into early morn Friday
 - Increasing onshore easterly winds, cooler air off waters
 - This all prior to a warm front and low pressure sweeping over
   S New England Friday morning

*/ Latest Discussion...

Into this evening...

Cool and damp. Continued broadscale, isentropic ascent, i.e., over-
running, over the warm-moist conveyor belt beneath diffluence aloft
is lending to widespread light to moderate rain. The dry slot slowly
advancing as discerned via water vapor imagery, should see rain
change over to mainly drizzle. This as the low deepens across the
Mid-Atlantic as it begins its transition from the mature to dying
phase as it begins to undergo occlusion. The increasing pressure
gradient resultant, already seeing an increasing onshore E-draw of
cooler air N of the stalled surface warm front off the coast of NJ
and S of Long Island. That combined with the saturated atmosphere,
we are seeing temperatures cool to their respective wet-bulb giving
way to the development of areas of mist / fog. Temperatures mainly
steady through the remainder of today, in and around the low 50s.
Not very representative for late May.

Tonight...

Moderate to heavy rain expected with the possibility of a rumble of
thunder. Low occlusion sweeping NE across S New England overnight.
Crux of deep-layer synoptic forcing out ahead of the low through a
fairly moist profile well up to H3 beneath the left front quadrant
of the upper level cyclonic jet streak. Strong omega forcing not out
of the question that will easily and efficiently wring out moisture,
rather the nature and magnitude of said moisture wrapping into the
occlusion, its associated precipitable waters / theta-E. Confident
as to moisture pooling along the low to mid level warm front lifting
gradually N across the region. Conditionally unstable moist profile
aloft, and given strong omega, can not rule out thunder. The system
itself is quick-moving, short duration, the bulk of the rain falling
around midnight into the 6a timeframe. But there`s still spread,
even between the GEFS and SREF members, with the SREF exhibiting
members with higher amounts up around 2.0 to 2.5 inches.

Quite an anomalous system with winter-like characteristics, taking
nothing for granted, and as such am leaning more towards the high-
res guidance as consensus of ensemble probabilities along with CIPS
Analogs signal a low-prob of greater than 3-inches storm total rain-
fall over E/SE MA and RI. Can not rule out an inch of rainfall in
the roughly 6-hour period noted earlier. Potential urban and poor
drainage issues, mainly inland as low tide proceeds after midnight
into morning along the shores. Not thinking any impact to the rivers
rather nuisance issues along area roadways, low-lying spots and
culverts notorious for having issues. Focusing on the I-95 corridor
and immediate roadways surrounding.

&&

.SHORT TERM /6 AM FRIDAY MORNING THROUGH FRIDAY NIGHT/...
Friday...

Scattered shower activity lingering within the wrapping comma-head
occlusion. Influx of cooler air rearward as the pressure gradient
tightens with the low lifting E with a weak ridge of high pressure
building from the W, will see a steepening boundary-layer profile
allowing for both moisture and momentum to mix out. So thinking bulk
of wet-weather activity will be early on, with the later-half mostly
dry as winds increase out of the NW. Clouds breaking, more sunshine,
given the time of year and the fact that the low lacks a more pole-
ward connection of colder air, with the cooler air an artifact of
being dragged down from aloft, should turn out near-seasonable with
highs around the mid to upper 60s, warmer SW CT while cooler NE MA.

Friday night...

Drying out. Occlusion continues to lift E out to sea. Still a N flow
on the backside with cooler air, the boundary layer remains well-
mixed beneath rising heights from the W and an inversion around H8.
Some scattered to isolated shower activity initially, diminishing
through the overnight hours. Low clouds linger given boundary-layer
mixing and moisture pooling beneath the inversion. With the warm
warm blanket in place, keeping it mild with lows down into the upper
40s to low 50s.

&&

.LONG TERM /SATURDAY THROUGH THURSDAY/...
*/ Highlights...

* Mainly dry weather w/mild days and cool nights Saturday and Sunday
* Risk of rain returns Sun night into Monday
* Slightly above normal temperatures Tue & Wed, with a risk for
  scattered showers

*/ Details...

Saturday and Sunday...

Near to slightly below normal temperatures. Weak high pressure
centered just off to the east. Limited moisture within the
vertical column should keep most of southern New England dry.
Will have to watch out for diurnal showers west of the CT River
each afternoon, with Sunday being the more likely day. Weak
pressure gradient will support cooling afternoon seabreezes
for the coastline.

Sunday Night and Monday...

Parent low pressure expected to remain north of the Great Lakes,
while a triple point low traverses south of New England.
Expecting an increasing risk for showers. While there should be
periods of showers, not expecting a washout. Some elevated
instability, but otherwise not a great setup for strong
thunderstorms. Included at least a low risk for isolated
thunderstorms though. Near to slightly below normal
temperatures continue.

Tuesday into Thursday...

Lingering fronts finally should move away from our region. High
pressure moving into the central Appalachians should provide
some sunshine and at least a light south to southwest flow. This
should mean slightly above normal daytime temperatures, with
near normal low temperatures through this period. A cold pool
aloft centered just south of James Bay should mean a cyclonic
flow for our region. Will have to be wary of diurnal showers
each day.

&&

.AVIATION /20Z THURSDAY THROUGH TUESDAY/...
Forecaster Confidence Levels...

Low - less than 30 percent.
Moderate - 30 to 60 percent.
High - greater than 60 percent.

Short Term /through Friday Night/...Moderate confidence.

18z update...No major changes to the forecast. Minor tweaks to
account for trends. Otherwise, on track.

Today...
Into midday -RA/RA transitioning to DZ with increasingly lower
visibility with FG. Lowering CIGs S to N with time towards IFR.
N/NE winds becoming more E/NE, gusty at times potentially as
high as 30-35 kts though thinking isolated. Mainly 20-25 kts.

Tonight...
IFR-LIFR CIGs and VSBYs. RA/+RA potential mainly from 6-12z with
embedded TSRA possible. E winds continue with mainly 20-25 kt
gusts.

Friday...
IFR/MVFR CIGs with SCT-BKN -SHRA, on and off through the day.
Conditions may improve to VFR across western terminals in the
late afternoon. Northwest winds for all terminals, becoming
gusty into the later half of the day.

Friday night...
SHRA dissipating while improving VFR. NW winds blustery
initially, relaxing. CIGs becoming BKN to SCT.

KBOS TAF...
IFR-LIFR through overnight. Winds a challenge. Strong easterly
sustained at first, becoming light overnight while turning
counter-clockwise NE to NW with low passage. Closely watching
the 6-12z Friday timeframe for +RA potential and possible TSRA,
whether there will be impacts to the AM push. Adverse weather
may impact prior.

KBDL TAF...
Hold N winds funneling through the CT River Valley, turning NW
with low pressure passage overnight. FG/DZ into evening, more RA
and possible +RA/TSRA overnight 6-12z. IFR-LIFR, especially with
CIGs through Friday morning.

Outlook /Saturday through Tuesday/...moderate confidence.

Saturday and Sunday...Mainly VFR. Light winds Saturday, with
seabreezes at the coasts. Light S-SE winds Sunday.

Sunday night through Monday...Cigs/vsbys trending to MVFR/IFR in
showers. Winds from the southeast, trending from the south Monday.

Tuesday...Mainly VFR, with scattered MVFR in leftover showers.

&&

.MARINE...
Forecaster Confidence Levels...

Low - less than 30 percent.
Moderate - 30 to 60 percent.
High - greater than 60 percent.

Short Term /through Friday Night/...High confidence.

Tonight...Rain and fog, possible thunder. This as low pressure
lifts N/E across S New England ahead of which along a warm
frontal boundary E/NE winds will be sustained around 15 kts
initially, becoming somewhat light with low passage and
beginning to turn N/NW. Seas 6 to 8 feet on the outer waters.

Friday into Friday night...
Low pressure exiting behind which showers will linger as winds
will be initially blustery out of the NW with sustained flow
around 15 kts, gradually diminishing with time as a weak ridge
of high pressure builds in from the W.

Outlook /Saturday through Tuesday/...

Relatively light winds and seas through this period, once seas
subside across the outer waters Saturday morning.

&&

.TIDES/COASTAL FLOODING...
*/ Tonight...

Combination of a very high astronomical tide and onshore flow
will result in widespread minor coastal flooding tonight, mainly
for the E MA coast.

Persistent easterly flow around 15 mph will result in a surge of
0.8 to 1.0 feet along the E MA coast. In addition to very high
astronomical tides will result in minor flooding. Greatest concern
continues to be from Salisbury to Cape Ann. This is because this
is where the strongest easterly flow is forecast along with a
combination of E swell and wind wave direction. Greatest risk of
both minor coastal flooding and beach erosion.

A Coastal Flood Advisory continues for the MA E coast including
Cape Cod and Nantucket for tonight`s high tide. Waves will not
be a major factor but looks like enough low level wind gradient
to produce 6 to 8 foot waves in the near shore waters in Ipswich
Bay, about Cape Ann, and Massachusetts Bay could be an issue.

Some erosion is likely along the Salisbury and Plum Island
shorelines where wave action will be somewhat more significant.

Elsewhere along the MA and RI coasts, the combination of the high
astronomical tide and a tidal departure near a half foot may be
enough to cause pockets of minor coastal flooding as has become more
common during such king tide cycles. But our confidence continues
to be low and will not be issuing a statement for the remaining
coastline.

*/ Friday night into very early Saturday morning...

A surge of 0.2 to 0.4 feet is forecast and combined with the peak
of astronomical tides (Boston at 12.41 feet), should see at a
minimum coastal flooding of low-lying locations notorious for
becoming inundated during such tides (i.e., Morrissey Boulevard
in Boston). Additional coastal flood statements may be necessary.
Will continue to monitor and make updates after this evenings tide
cycle.

&&

.BOX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
CT...None.
MA...Coastal Flood Advisory from 10 PM this evening to 3 AM EDT
     Friday for MAZ007-015-016-019-022-024.
RI...None.
MARINE...Small Craft Advisory until 4 PM EDT this afternoon for
     ANZ231>234.
     Small Craft Advisory until 6 AM EDT Saturday for ANZ235-237-
     250-254>256.
     Small Craft Advisory until 6 PM EDT Friday for ANZ251.

&&

$$
SYNOPSIS...Belk/Sipprell
NEAR TERM...Sipprell
SHORT TERM...Sipprell
LONG TERM...Belk
AVIATION...Belk/Sipprell
MARINE...Belk/Sipprell
TIDES/COASTAL FLOODING...Staff

NWS BOX Office Area Forecast Discussion